Logon error with Windows Hello for Business: "Contact the system administrator and tell them that the KDC certificate could not be verified."

Assume the following scenario:

  • The company is using Windows Hello for Business.
  • Users receive the following error message when logging in to the client:
Sign-in failed. Contact your system administrator and tell them that the KDC certificate could not be validated. Additional information may be available in the system event log.
Continue reading „Anmeldefehler mit Windows Hello for Business: „Wenden Sie sich an den Systemadministrator, und teilen Sie ihm mit, dass das KDC-Zertifikat nicht überprüft werden konnte.““

Basics: Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) and Key Storage Provider (KSP)

Since Windows NT 4.0, the Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) has been part of the CryptoAPI.

The purpose is that an application does not have to worry about the concrete implementation of key management, but can leave this to generic operating system interfaces. It is also intended to prevent cryptographic keys from being loaded into memory in the security context of the user/application being used (a fatal security incident based precisely on this problem was the Heartbleed incident).

For example, it makes no technical difference to the certification authority software how its private key is protected - whether in software or with a hardware security module (HSM), for example. The call of the private key is always identical for the certification authority.

With Windows Vista and the introduction of Cryptography Next Generation (CNG) as a replacement for CryptoAPI, Key Storage Providers (KSP) were introduced.

Continue reading „Grundlagen: Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) und Key Storage Provider (KSP)“

Details of the event with ID 4899 of the source Microsoft-Windows-Security-Auditing

Event Source:Microsoft Windows Security Auditing
Event ID:4899 (0x1323)
Event log:Security
Event type:Information
Event text (English):A Certificate Services template was updated. %1 v%2 (Schema V%3) %4 %5 Template Change Information: Old Template Content: %8 New Template Content: %7 Additional Information: Domain Controller: %6
Event text (German):The certificate service template has been updated. %1 v%2 (Scheme V%3) %4 %5 Template information: Template content: %7 Security description: %8 Additional information: Domain Controller: %6
Continue reading „Details zum Ereignis mit ID 4899 der Quelle Microsoft-Windows-Security-Auditing“

Prevent smartcard logon to the network

Installing Active Directory Certificate Services in the default configuration automatically configures the environment to accept smart card logins from domain controllers.

Therefore, if the use of smart card logins is not desired, it makes sense to disable the functionality so that, in the event the certificate authority is compromised, it can not to jeopardize the Active Directory.

Continue reading „Smartcard Anmeldung im Netzwerk unterbinden“

Automatically change passwords for accounts that require login via smartcard or Windows Hello for Business

A new feature of Windows Server 2016 is that the passwords for accounts that have a plain Login with smartcards be automatically renewed according to the password light lines.

If the "Smart card is required for interactive logon" option is enabled for a user account, the password of the user account is set to a random value once. However, the password never changes after that, which makes the account more vulnerable to pass-the-hash attacks.

The newly introduced feature solves this problem by generating new randomly generated passwords for corresponding accounts on a regular basis (depending on the password policy configured for the account).

Continue reading „Automatisches Ändern der Passwörter für Konten, die eine Anmeldung via Smartcard oder Windows Hello for Business erfordern“

Editing the NTAuthCertificates object in Active Directory

In the default configuration, all certification authority certificates of Active Directory integrated certification authorities (Enterprise Certification Authority) are located in an object of type CertificationAuthority named NTAuthCertificates within the Configuration Partition of the Active Directory forest.

Continue reading „Bearbeiten des NTAuthCertificates Objektes im Active Directory“

Manual application for a domain controller certificate

There are cases where you cannot or do not want to obtain domain controller certificates from a certification authority in your own Active Directory forest.

In this case, the use of certificate templates is not possible, and one must manually create a Certificate Signing Request (CSR).

Continue reading „Manuelle Beantragung eines Domänencontroller-Zertifikats“